Once you install asphalt pavement or a parking lot, you expect it to last several years without getting major damage. Of course, the surface will wear out naturally due to exposure to environmental elements, but the wear and tear should occur progressively.
Distorted and broken pavements look unkempt and tacky and may cause severe damage to the vehicles that pass over them. The surface may cause trip and fall accidents if pedestrians aren’t keen. Damaged pavement is also an embarrassment to the business owner.
Before you call a paving contractor to fix the surface damages, it’s vital to learn why asphalt surfaces may deteriorate fast. This way, you’ll create a maintenance plan to avert quick damages after repairs. Here are common causes of asphalt surface damage.
1. Surface Pressure
One primary factor the paving contractors consider before building asphalt pavement is its use. They make sure the foundation and substrate layers can handle the pressure.
If a surface is designed to accommodate cars and pedestrians, do not let heavy vehicles through. Such vehicles will put a lot of strain and tension on the surface, eliminating its stability. You may notice deep cracks on the surface within a short period because base layers cannot handle the strain.
While it may be difficult to avoid traffic, do not skimp on maintenance. Also, get a seasoned contractor to fill in the deep cracks that form due to excessive surface tension. Timely repairs prevent further deterioration.
2. Plant Roots
Plants keep the outdoor space beautiful and are a reliable source of shade. However, you shouldn’t plant them too close to your asphalt pavement, as they can cause quick surface deterioration.
If a plant is too close to the pavement, its roots will grow into the surface and cause crack formation. The roots exert excessive force since they are stronger than most expect. They will weaken the underlying layers, create potholes, and damage the pavement grout lines.
Removing the plants that are too close to the pavement may help you prevent future damage.
3. Poor Drainage
Another common cause of asphalt deterioration is poor drainage. The surface is porous, so water can easily penetrate it. When it rains and the drainage system isn’t functional, pools of water may form on the surface and seep into the substrate layers. This may cause damage like spalling, cracks, potholes, corrosion, and pitting.
Installing drains under or around the driveway will help water drain away quickly. But even if you have a drainage system, clogs can obstruct water flow and cause water pools on the surface. So maintain the drainage ditches and clear out debris to prevent clogging.
4. Sun Rays
Excessive sunlight or heat can damage your asphalt surface. The heat dries out the surface material in a process known as oxidation. The solid and sturdy surface may start to shrink up and separate. This causes the formation of ravelin and cracks, damages that allow elements like water to seep into the underlying layers.
5. Chemical Contact
When chemical substances like oil or fluids leak from your vehicle, they cause premature asphalt surface wear. The chemical elements can weaken the asphalt sealant and seep into the other pavement layers. This may degrade the pavement if you don’t act quickly.
Cleaning up spills fast may protect the surface from damage. Ensure you use the recommended products to remove all the contaminants immediately. Call a contractor to seal coat the surface when you see signs of sealant damage. Also, fix the vehicle damages to prevent fluid leaks.
If you maintain your asphalt surface and fix damages fast, you will extend its life and keep your commercial property safe. At Pinnacle Paving & Sealing, we can help you service and repair your asphalt surface once you notice damages. We also install new pavement and parking lots using premier quality products, so quality results are guaranteed. Contact us today for more details.